Monthly Archives: November 2016

Mike Titelbaum and Jonathan Weisberg

Mike Titelbaum and Jonathan Weisberg on Bayesianism.

Titelbaum and Weisberg begin by addressing the question of what (if anything) Bayesians have in common. They review historically important intra-Bayesian debates about interpretations of probability, including “objective” and “subjective” interpretations. Then (15:17) they discuss the interplay between mathematicians’ views of probability and philosophical Bayesianism. They consider (23:44) debates about diachronic norms (which concern how subjective probabilities ought to change over time). Then they turn to contemporary developments. They discuss Bayesianism and knowledge (27:01); Bayesianism and social epistemology (32:50); the uniqueness thesis (35:40); Titelbaum’s subjectivism about evidential standards (42:03); Weisberg’s objectivist qualms about Titelbaum’s subjectivism (50:03); whether Titelbaum’s subjectivism permits too much intra-personal instability in credences over time (55:25); and the relation between beliefs and preferences (1:05:57).

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Patrick Todd and Derk Pereboom

Patrick Todd and Derk Pereboom on philosophy of religion and free will.

In this conversation, Todd and Pereboom consider questions about the connection between religion and free will. Does theism imply any particular view of the free will problem? Do certain positions about free will require a theistic justification? Could traditional religion make do without the claim that human beings have free will? Why is it the case that, as a matter of sociological fact, libertarianism about free will is so popular among theists? In considering such questions, they discuss whether the problem of evil puts pressure on the theist to accept libertarianism (10:58); the connection between theological compatibilism and divine providence (23:52); the growing prominence of manipulation arguments in the free will literature (32:33); whether traditional religion can (and should) give up basic desert responsibility (42:42); the rise of open theism (52:09); and the relevance of theistic thought experiments to the (secular) free will debate (55:54).

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Elizabeth Barnes and Joseph Stramondo

Elizabeth Barnes and Joseph Stramondo on disability.

Philosophers have traditionally argued (or simply assumed) that disability must have a net negative effect on well-being—and not just because of contingent social facts, but also in virtue of the inherent nature of disability itself. This view is markedly less prevalent outside of philosophy departments, and is not widely shared by disabled persons themselves. Stramondo and Barnes begin their conversation by discussing why philosophers’ views of disability have drifted away from the views of non-philosophers (3:19). They discuss whether philosophers suffer from a “lack of moral imagination” with respect to disability (9:10), and provide personal reflections on their own experiences with disability (19:03). Then they consider the meaning and significance of “disability pride” (35:37). Finally, they discuss a few examples of the ways in which disability can actually enhance one’s life (53:08).

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